Audit Committee Charter

Primary Objective

The primary objective of the Audit Committee is to assist the Board of Directors in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities to: (i) review financial reports and financial information provided to any regulatory authority or provided for release to the public and the Corporation’s shareholders; (ii) review the Corporation’s disclosure control systems; (iii) review the Corporation’s internal control systems with respect to finance, accounting and legal compliance; and (iv) review the Corporation’s accounting and financial reporting processes.


The Committee shall be composed of not less than three (3) directors, all of whom shall be independent and ‘unrelated’, as determined by the Board of Directors in accordance with applicable legislation and any requirements of such exchanges on which the securities of the Corporation. The Committee’s composition shall be in compliance with the stated requirements of Multilateral Instrument 52-110 “Audit Committees” as adopted by the Ontario Securities Commission and Regulation S-K under the Securities Act of 1933.

All members of the Committee shall be financially literate and have a working familiarity with basic accounting and finance practices.

All members of the Committee shall be appointed by the Board of Directors at such time as shall be determined and shall serve until their successors are duly appointed. Any member may be removed or replaced by direction of the Board of Directors and shall in any event cease to be a member of the Committee forthwith upon such member ceasing to be a director of the Corporation. Committee members shall be entitled to such remuneration for serving on the Committee as may from time to time be determined by the Board.


The members of the Committee so appointed shall elect from among their number a Chairman of the Committee. Such Chairman will appoint a secretary with responsibility for maintaining minutes of all meetings. The Secretary shall not be required to be a member of the Committee or a director of the Corporation and can be changed at any time upon notice from the Chairman.

The Committee shall meet as many times as it in its discretion deems necessary to discharge its responsibilities but in no event shall the Committee meet less than four (4) times per year. The time at which, and the place where, Committee meetings are held, the calling of the meetings and the procedure in respect of such meetings shall be determined by the Committee, unless provisions to the contrary are contained in the Corporation’s by-laws documents or the Board of Directors shall determine otherwise. No business may be transacted unless a quorum of the Committee is present, the majority of the members of the Committee comprising such quorum. If the number of members of the Committee is an even number, one half of the number of members plus one shall constitute a quorum.

The Committee may invite or require the attendance at any meeting of such officers and employees of the Corporation, internal and external legal counsel or such other persons as the Committee deems necessary in order for the Committee to discharge its duties and responsibilities. The external independent auditors of the Corporation should be requested and, if deemed necessary, required to attend meetings of the Committee and to make presentations to the Committee as is deemed appropriate.

The Committee shall meet not less than once annually with the Corporation’s independent auditors and without the presence of management. The Committee shall also meet with the independent auditors and management at least quarterly to review the Corporation’s financial statements, including Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and any press releases related thereto.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, and subject to the Corporation’s by laws, governing legislation and applicable regulatory and exchange rules, the Chairman of the Committee may exercise the powers of the Committee between meetings if required to prevent loss to the Corporation. In the event the Chairman does so exercise such powers, the Chairman shall immediately report in writing to the members of the Committee the actions or decisions taken in the name of the Committee and the same shall be recorded in the minutes of the Committee.

Duties and Responsibilities

  • periodically review and, as required, recommend to the Corporation’s Governance Committee any revisions or updates to this Mandate for the Governance Committee to forward to the Board of Directors for approval and implementation
  • review interim quarterly financial statements and the audited annual financial statement, including related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, together with any press releases related theret
  • discuss and review with management all financial information and earnings guidance which may be provided to the public in advance of the provision of such communication
  • satisfy itself, on behalf of the Board of Directors, that all quarterly and annual financial results, and attendant Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, present fairly the financial condition of the Corporation and are in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles
  • act as an independent and objective party to monitor the Corporation’s financial reporting process and the system of internal controls, including, as required, inspection of all books and records of the Corporation and its subsidiaries, discussion of such accounts and records and the financial position of the Corporation with senior management and the auditors of the Corporation and its subsidiaries and the commissioning of such reports or supplemental information as may be required in relation to the above
  • recommend to the Board of Directors the appointment, retention, termination and compensation of the Corporation’s independent auditors
  • evaluate and oversee the work of the Corporation’s independent auditors, including receipt and review of all reports and recommendations
  • review the independent auditor’s reports of all critical accounting policies and practices to be used, alternative treatments of financial information within generally accepted accounting principles, ramifications and use of alternative disclosures and treatments and other communications between the independent auditors and the Corporation’s management
  • satisfy itself on behalf of the Board of Directors as to the ‘independence from management’ of the external auditors, within the meaning given to such term in the rules and pronouncements of the applicable regulatory authorities and professional governing bodies
  • ensure the independent auditor’s rotation of the audit partner satisfies all regulatory requirements
  • annually review and evaluate the performance of the Corporation’s independent auditors and the audit partner, including opinions of management, and make such recommendations to the Board of Directors as appropriate
  • review the annual audit plan and such advice as may be provided with respect to management and internal controls
  • monitor the Corporation’s internal accounting controls, information gathering systems and management reporting of internal control systems
  • review with management and the independent auditors the relevance and appropriateness of the Corporation’s accounting policies, recommended changes and approval thereof
  • satisfy itself that the Corporation has implemented appropriate systems of internal control over financial reporting and the safeguarding of the Corporation’s assets; review “risk management” procedures, including the identification of significant risks and the establishment of appropriate procedures to manage such risks; monitor corporate performance in light of acceptable risks
  • review and approve the Corporation’s communication and disclosure policies and controls and monitor compliance therewith
  • review and approve the Corporation’s investment and treasury policies and monitor compliance therewith
  • review and approve the annual proposed budget prepared by the Corporation’s executive
  • perform such other activities consistent with the Corporation’s governing laws and regulatory and exchange requirement as may be requested by the Board of Directors